The Surprising Science of …. Surprise!

Surprise involves many brain areas working together. The amygdala processes emotions, the prefrontal cortex integrates the new information, the hippocampus encodes the new memory, dopamine creates pleasure or excitement, and the anterior cingulate cortex monitors attention and conflict. Surprise can have various emotional effects depending on the context and nature of the surprise. It can … Continue reading The Surprising Science of …. Surprise!